Pigmentation, sometimes called hyperpigmentation, is discolouration of the skin caused by too much melanin being produced by the body. It can affect the entire body or one localised area and the most common triggers are hormonal changes, skin conditions such as rosacea and even damage from the sun.
Most commonly, pigmentation presents itself in the form of freckles, sun spots or age spots. The people most affected are usually those living in warmer climates or with naturally darker skin, but the condition can develop for any individual, of any age.
Fortunately, reducing the visibility of pigmentation is very possible, with a variety of treatments and methods available. Often, only the skins outer layers need to be treated for successful results, so most treatment options are comfortable and minimally invasive.